AGC Kazakhstan

AGC Zentralasien + democracy status blue

After the collapse of the Soviet Union Kazakhstan became independent and started a political and an economic transformation. The economic reforms transformed the country from a planned economy into a free market. This economic transformation was successful. Hence, today Kazakhstan is recognized as one of the best developed and most successful economies within the former Soviet Union.
As a regional leader Kazakhstan fosters relations with its geopolitical proximity as well as other countries. Due to its multi-vector foreign policy Kazakhstan is a member of many different International Organizations. In contrast to the foreign policy, the political liberalization in Kazakhstan did no
t fulfil the hopes for democratization. Beyond that, controlled media, a harassed opposition, and a lack of separation of powers are the results of domestic political reforms. In sum, Kazakhstan can be regarded as a hard-line autocracy with a very powerful president and a weak opposition.