The following cross regional concept of Authoritarian Gravity Centers (AGC) explains regional clusters of Autocracies in Latin America, the Middle East and Central Asia and hence, aims at filling this this research gap. Moreover, it intends to detect explanations for the empirical evidence of autocratic pressure. This endeavor implies identifying sources that disseminate autocratic elements, namely ideas, institutions, policies, models, behaviors, and techniques.
In our view such sources of pressure for autocratization are authoritarian gravity centers (AGCs) that exert influence towards certain Target States (TSs) in geopolitical proximity. AGCs are defined as “regimes that constitute a force of attraction and contagion for countries in geopolitical proximity”. So it is primarily the regional context in which external actors can influence authoritarian processes most effectively.