Our research design is based on a Most Different Cases Design (MDCD) encompassing different cases in our sample, all of which share the same dependent variable, in our case, the regional framing of autocracy promotion and diffusion in an AGC.
We have identified three AGCs and their respective TSs in three world regions: 1. The Middle East: Saudi Arabia (AGC) – Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, United Arab Emirates, and Qatar (TS); 2. Latin America: Venezuela (AGC) – Bolivia, Ecuador, Nicaragua (TSs); 3. Central Asia: Kazakhstan (AGC) – Kirgizstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan (TSs).